BUKHARA CHI

In 1897, not more than a dozen Uzbeks lived in the territory of the Krasnoyarsk region, while the census of 2010 recorded 6434 Uzbek.

Uzbeks (Uzbek, Ozbek, outdated. the Russian name — Sarts) — people in Central Asia, the main population of Uzbekistan. They also live in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, a small group in China. In Russia there are 289 862 Uzbek, according to the 2010 census the population

Speak the Uzbek language of the Turkic group of the Altaic language family. Distinguish adverbs: Karluk, Kipchak, Oghuz; there are numerous

transitional dialects and dialects. The script was originally based on the Arabic transcription, 1929 — Latin script, since 1940 the Russian writing. Believers Uzbeks are Sunni Muslims .

The ethnogenesis of the Uzbeks lived in Transoxiana and adjacent areas. Here has lived the tribes speaking Eastern Iranian languages: the Sogdians, Bactrians, Khorezm, pregancy, etc. Since the beginning of the 1st mill here start to penetrate nomadic Turkic tribes. After the occurrence of Central Asia, the Turkic Khaganate (VI) the influence of the Turkic-speaking population increases, and the number is increasing.

In the VII century in the region begins to spread Islam. With the invasion of Genghis Khan troops of the Central Asian region is flooded with a new wave of Turkic and Mongol tribes. The completion of the formation of the Uzbek ethnic group associated with the reign of the Timurid dynasty and the Shaybanids ( XIII—XV centuries ). The ethnonym “Uzbeks” was established much later, after the assimilation of nomadic pesticidal. came in the XVI century from the Kazakh steppes.

By the beginning of XX century. as part of the Uzbeks were allocated three large sub-ethnic groups (differences in language, economic structure, cultural elements): SART — ancient settled population of the oases, the most numerous; Turks retained a semi-nomadic lifestyle of the descendants of Turkic, Oghuz and Mongol tribes; the Uzbeks are descendants destinyback tribes, transitioning to residency was completed only at the beginning of the XX century After the accession of the Central Asian khanates to Russia in the XIX century, the process of national consolidation Uzbeks increased significantly. In 1924 the Uzbek ssR was formed, since 1991 — the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Uzbek merchants have long come to Siberia on business. However, until the Second world war, the number in the Krasnoyarsk region was low, not exceeding 10 people in 1897 20 people in 1926 and 200 people in 1939 in the post-war period due to the rapid development of the industry of the Krasnoyarsk region were sent here to labor resources from various regions of the Soviet Union, including the Republic of Uzbekistan. In the late 1950s in Krasnoyarye there were 942 Uzbek, in 1970 — 1283 Uzbek. In the subsequent two decades have seen a doubling of the Diaspora that reached in 1989 its maximum rate — 4761 people.

Census 2010 recorded 6434 Uzbeks in the region. However, temporarily residing much more. The preferred place of residence is given to the major towns: Krasnoyarsk, Norilsk and Achinsk.

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